Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a non-communicable disease that has been associated as one of the leading causes of mortality in the Philippines, according to the Department of Health.Starting off by briefly defining what are the com-plications of a person diagnosed with diabetes. There are actually two main types of Diabetes, type 1 and type 2. Type 1 DM produces little to none insulin, requires insulin therapy, and usually develops during childhoodType 2 DM varies, sometimes requires insulin therapy depending on the physician’s prescription, and diagnosed among adults, overweight or obese children with family history of DM are at increased risk. Insulin is a hormone that allows your body to use sugar or glucose in the form of energy from the food you ate, it also keeps your blood sugar level from getting too high or too low.
Prevention of Type 2 DM
- Active lifestyle – At least 150 minutes of modeerate physical activity, exercise to improve the body’s response to insulin.
- Proper diet – Increase intake of dietary fiber and complex carbohydrates, decrease fat intake in order to avoid excessive energy consumption, and avoid foods with high glycemic response.
- Weight management – For overweight and obese individuals, try to gradually lose 5 to 10% of actual weight and prevent weight gain.
- Regular monitoring – Seek for physician counseling for checking of blood chemistry tests, monitor-ing of blood sugar level, and other risk factors
The diabetes diet is simply a normal healthy diet in moderation and individualization principle must take place depending on the severity of the condition and willingness of an individual.
- Choose complex crbohydrates and high in insoluble fiber (25 to 35 grams per day) such as wheats, fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, which provides satiety and helps overweight or obese to stay full for a longer period of time that may aid in weight loss.
- Sugar consumption must be controlled to avoid elevation of blood sugar levels.
- Foods with lower glycemic index value are recommended, as they are slowly digested and absorbed by the body and slower there rise in blood sugar levels.
- Intake of saturated fat should be less than 7% of the daily calories and cholesterol intake should be less than 200mg per day in order to prevent developing cardiovascular diseases.